5 things you should know about DOT drug and alcohol tests

The DOT stands for Department of Transportation. It is the most common name for the government agency in Canada with their complete dedication to transportation. This agency oversees interstate travel and is a federal agency.

In 1991, DOT received permission to conduct some drug tests under the Omnibus Transportation Employee Testing Act passed by the US Congress. The law was passed due to the need for a drug and alcohol free transportation industry. The DOT agencies had to carry out drug and alcohol tests on security-related employees. It should ensure the safety of people traveling in public.

Here are some things you should know about DOT drug and alcohol tests:

Why are security-relevant employees tested?

The short answer to the question would be for the traveling audience. Within DOT, the sub-institute, the Office of the Secretariat for Drug and Alcohol Policy and Compliance (ODAPC), issues the rules for an employee’s return to security-related tasks.

DOT second test The authorities and the US Coast Guard take note of the industry-specific regulations and clarify who is tested, when and in which situations. The benefits for employees affected by DOT regulations are that all agency regulations must comply with the DOT test procedures set out in 49 CFR Part 40. This is commonly referred to as part 40.

For example, if a person works in an aerospace industry and then an automotive industry, the procedures for collecting, testing, and reporting their tests under (Part 40) 49 CFR Part 40 are the same.

What drugs does DOT test for?

The DOT tests for:

  • Marijuana Metabolites / THC
  • Cocaine metabolites
  • Amphetamines (including MDMA)
  • opiate
  • Phencyclidine (PCP)

Note: Samples collected for drug and alcohol tests:

  • Drug: urine
  • Alcohol: breath and saliva.

Behavior that the regulations do not allow

As an employee of the security-sensitiveyou cannot do the following:

  • One cannot consume alcohol or drugs during a safety-relevant task or function.
  • You cannot work if you are under alcohol or drugs, or if your blood alcohol concentration is over 0.4%
  • Alcohol cannot be consumed within 8 hours
  • One shouldn’t refuse to submit a test for alcohol or other substances.

Use prescribed medication and over-the-counter (OTC) medication and perform safety-related tasks

Prescription drugs and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs can be approved. Only if the following criteria are met:

  • A licensed doctor should prescribe the drugs.
  • The attending physician should make a good faith judgment so that the use of the substance at the approved dosage level is consistent in order to perform safety-related tasks.
  • If you happen to be treated by more than one doctor, show the last doctor’s prescription.
  • Other rules of the DOT agency may contain impermissible provisions, e.g. B. a medical certificate.

Help a doctor prescribe the best possible treatment and give the doctor a detailed description of your work. Many employers give their employees a written and detailed description of their careers to offer to doctors.

When should DOT drug or alcohol tests be tested?

You can be tested in the following situations:

  • Previous employment
  • Justified suspicion
  • Coincidentally
  • Return to service
  • Follow up
  • After the accident

Role of the Medical Review Officers in the testing

MRO (Medical Review Officers) are licensed physicians with good knowledge and adequate clinical experience in substance abuse disorders under the DOT rules. They serve as independent, neutral doorkeepers for the precision and integrity of the DOT testing program. All laboratory results are sent to an MRO for review before others receive information about the results.

As the doorkeeper of the DOT drug program, they must review the test and then rule out any other legitimate medical explanation before declaring the results positive, negative, adulterated, or substituted.

What happens if you test positive, refuse a test, or break the DOT drug and alcohol rule?

If someone tests positive, decline or break a test DOT drug and alcohol rule::

  • A supervisor or an officer will immediately remove the person from the DOT-controlled security-sensitive functions.
  • You are not allowed until the following are met.
  • Have undergone an assessment by the Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)
  • Have completed all of the tasks prescribed by SAP (clarification, advice or treatment)
  • Tested negative for drugs and alcohol
  • In return for the safety-related job, you would be subjected to at least six unannounced tests for drugs or alcohol in the first 12 months, as prescribed by the SAP.

SAPs play an important role in the job test program by evaluating employees who have violated DOT guidelines for drugs and alcohol. They are the gatekeepers of the re-entry program. You determine whether a security-relevant employee can resume work or not.

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